The end of the Congressional session saw a flurry of activity surrounding the current backlog of long-delayed Green Cards for Indian and Chinese nationals who have been working in the US for years, primarily in the IT industry. Neither the Democrats’ nor the Republicans’ competing bills to increase the number of visas available to foreign STEM graduates gets at the heart of the problem, namely the fact that Congress is ill-equipped to respond in any kind of timely fashion to America’s changing economy. The Republican solution comes at the expense of the diversity visa lottery, while the Democrats claim new Green Cards should be allocated for advanced degree graduates of US institutions and should not impact the availability of visas under the diversity lottery. Each side feels the other’s approach is wrong-headed. However, they are both missing the point. What is most needed is a body of experts who can take Green Card issuance out of politics and develop target numbers that can go up and down depending on the needs of American industry and business.
Information about the bill introduced by Rep. Lamar Smith (R-TX) can be found here: http://www.gop.gov/bill/112/2/hr6429
We will be posting more details about Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) in the coming days. In the meantime, be sure to monitor the USCIS website for the latest DACA news and updates.
Actualización sobre . . .
Programa de Acción Diferida
19 de Junio del 2012
Mooers Immigration ha recibido muchas consultas acerca del anuncio del Presidente Obama hecho el 15 de Junio del 2012 para aplicar determinadas disposiciones de la ley DREAM a través de decisiones administrativas. La gran cantidad de interés en esta iniciativa significa que las comunidades inmigrantes en nuestra región y en tódo el pais entienden que la acción del Presidente podría ser la respuesta (por lo menos una respuesta parcial) a sus oraciones, desafortunadamente también significa que notarios, asesores de inmigración y otros proveedores de fraude de inmigración ya estan pensando en aprovecharse de inmigrantes inocentes.
Para poner a tódos al día sobre la situación de este nuevo programa llamado “Acción Diferida”, Mooers Immigration esta proporcionando esta actualización. Nuestro plan es proporcionar futuras actualizaciones a medida que aprendemos más sobre el programa del Presidente. Por favor, no dude en compartir esto con las familias, individuos, empresas, escuelas y organizaciones que se verán impactadas por este programa.
Esto es lo que sabemos:
Acción Diferida dará a los individuos que califican varios beneficios. Ellos podrán trabajar, obtener un Número de Seguro Social y sabrán que estarán libres de deportación por el tiempo que dure el programa. Las aprovaciones serán concedidas iniciando con un periodo de dos años, y serán renovables.
Sin embargo, esto NO es actualmente una ruta de acceso a la Residencia o a la Ciudadanía . Este beneficio TAMPOCO SE EXTENDERA a los miembros de la familia. Cada uno debe calificar por sí mismo.
Estos son los Requerimientos de Elegibilidad Para la Acción Diferida anunciados por USCIS y ICE:
Tenga en cuenta que las reglas NO hacen diferencia entre aquellos que se les ha vencido su visa, entrado al pais sin autorización, o quienes están aquí de forma legal en un estatus que no les permite trabajar.
Actividades que se esperan en las próximas semanas:
a) Anuncio de USCIS de como estarán manejando la Acción Diferida;
b) Publicación de las formas requeridas (actualmente no hay una forma formal para este beneficio), costos y otros detalles importantes;
c) Potencial acción de la corte por parte de los enemigos de los inmigrantes para bloquear la Administración de Obama y evitar que siga adelante con su Programa de Acción Diferida;
d) USCIS está bajo las órdenes del Presidente para iniciar implementando el programa el 15 de Agosto del 2012.
Aquí está nuestra comprensión actual de como trabajará el programa:
1) El proceso requerirá a cada aplicante que demuestre que cumple con cada uno de los requerimientos de elegibilidad. El gobierno no otorgará la Acción Diferida sin que el solicitante aporte pruebas acerca de cada criterio.
2) Para los que están familiarizados con el Estatus de Protección Temporal (TPS), El Programa de Acción Diferida puede ser similar.
3) El director de la USCIS indicó en una conferencia telefónica el Lunes que podría no haber fecha de finalización para el periodo de inscripción de la Acción Diferida. Es probable que ésto pueda significar que muchos de los que actualmente no califican puedan calificar en un futuro, incluyendo:
4) La definición de “Delito Menor Significativo” es muy amplio. Esto es importante porque una sola ofensa o delito hace al individuo inelegible para la Acción Diferida. Delito Menor Significativo incluye: Manejar bajo la influencia; “Violencia, Amenazas o Asalto,” incluyendo violencia doméstica; obstrucción de la justicia, soborno, fuga illegal de la detención, el enjuiciamiento o la escena de un accidente, posesión illegal de un arma de fuego, la distribución de drogas, el tráfico o la posesión de las mismas.
5) El potencial impacto indirecto negativo sobre los miembros de familia que no reunen los requisitos para la Acción Diferida sigue en espera de una aclaración adicional.
La Administración claramente quiere limitar la Acción Diferida a solo a los jóvenes que:
Por favor háganos saber si tiene alguna pregunta o comentario acerca del Programa de Acción Diferida. Anticipamos con placer proporcional actualizaciones adicionales en las semanas y meses venideros.
Update on . . .
Deferred Action Program
June 19, 2012
Mooers Immigration has received many inquiries regarding President Obama’s June 15, 2012 announcement to implement certain provisions of the DREAM Act through administrative determinations. The large amount of interest in this initiative means that immigrant communities in our region and across the country understand that the President’s action could be the answer (at least a partial answer) to their prayers. Unfortunately, it also means that notarios, immigration consultants and other purveyors of immigration fraud are already preying on unsuspecting immigrants.
To bring everyone up to date on the status of this new program, called “Deferred Action”, Mooers Immigration is providing this update. Our plan is to provide future updates as we learn more about the President’s program. Please feel free to share this with families, individuals, businesses, schools and organizations that will be impacted by this program.
Here is what we know:
Deferred Action will give qualifying individuals several benefits. They will be able to work, obtain a Social Security Number and know that they will be free from deportation for the length of the program. Approvals will be granted for an initial 2-year period, and will be renewable.
However, this is NOT currently a path to a Green Card or to Citizenship. This benefit will also NOT EXTEND to family members. Everyone must qualify on his or her own.
Here are the Eligibility Requirements for Deferred Action as announced by USCIS and ICE:
Notice that the rules DO NOT make a difference between those who overstayed their visas, entered the country without authorization, or who are currently here legally in a status that does not allow them to work.
Expected activities in the coming weeks:
a) Announcement by USCIS regarding how it will handle Deferred Action;
b) Publication of the required forms (there is currently no formal form for this benefit), filing fees and other important details;
c) Potential court action by immigrant foes to block the Obama Administration from pursuing its Deferred Action program;
d) USCIS is under orders from the President to begin implementing the program by August 15, 2012.
Here is our current understanding of how the program will work:
1) The process will require each applicant to prove that he or she meets each of the eligibility requirements. The Government will not grant Deferred Action without the applicant providing evidence about each criterion.
2) For those familiar with the Temporary Protected Status (TPS), the Deferred Action program may have a similar feel.
3) The USCIS Director indicated in a conference call on Monday that there may be no end date to the sign-up period for Deferred Action. This may likely mean that many of those who do not currently qualify may be able to qualify in the future, including:
4) The definition of “Significant Misdemeanor” is very broad. This is important because a single offense makes an individual ineligible for Deferred Action. Significant Misdemeanor includes: Driving Under the Influence; “violence, threats, or assault,” including domestic violence; obstruction of justice or bribery; unlawful flight from arrest, prosecution or the scene of an accident; unlawful possession of a firearm; drug distribution, trafficking, or possession.
5) The potential for indirect adverse impact on family members who do not qualify for Deferred Action still awaits additional clarification.
The Administration clearly wants to limit Deferred Action to only those young people who:
Please let us know if you have any questions or comments about Deferred Action. We look forwarding to providing additional updates in the coming weeks and months.
Because so many of you have asked, here is what President Obama said about immigration in his January 24, 2012 State of the Union address:
Let’s also remember that hundreds of thousands of talented, hardworking students in this country face another challenge: The fact that they aren’t yet American citizens. Many were brought here as small children, are American through and through, yet they live every day with the threat of deportation. Others came more recently, to study business and science and engineering, but as soon as they get their degree, we send them home to invent new products and create new
jobs somewhere else.
That doesn’t make sense.
I believe as strongly as ever that we should take on illegal immigration. That’s why my Administration has put more boots on the border than ever before. That’s why there are fewer illegal crossings than when I took office.
The opponents of action are out of excuses. We should be working on comprehensive immigration reform right now. But if election-year politics keeps Congress from acting on a comprehensive plan, let’s at least agree to stop expelling responsible young people who want to
staff our labs, start new businesses, and defend this country. Send me a law that gives them the chance to earn their citizenship. I will sign it right away.
You see, an economy built to last is one where we encourage the talent and ingenuity of every person in this country. That means women should earn equal pay for equal work. It means we should support everyone who’s willing to work; and every risk-taker and entrepreneur who aspires to become the next Steve Jobs.
For the President’s full remarks, please go to:
It’s refreshing to see these issues back in the national spotlight.
Unemployment and immigration are at the forefront of this year’s election discussions. While immigrants are often accused of taking jobs from US workers, a recent study by the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research and the Partnership for a New American Economy suggests that the immigrant community is actually largely responsible for creating American jobs. The study, entitled “Immigration and American Jobs,” found that “from 2000 to 2007, an additional 100 foreign-born workers in STEM fields with advanced degrees from US universities is associated with an additional 262 jobs among US natives.” The study further states that there is “no evidence that foreign-born workers, taken in the aggregate, hurt US employment.” The entire study can be found on the Partnership for A New American Economy’s website:
In his Business Week article, “Fix U.S. Immigration Policy, Create Jobs,” Vivek Wadhwa, Director of Research at Duke University’s Pratt School of Engineering, highlights the results of the aforementioned study and provides research of his own. He “found that in a quarter of the U.S. engineering and technology companies founded from 1995 to 2005, the chief executive or lead technologist was foreign-born. In Silicon Valley, the percentage of immigrant-founded startups was much higher – 52 percent.” The article also examines proposed legislation regarding immigrant employment and explores the length that other countries go to in order to recruit foreign-born entrepreneurs:
The bottom line is that if we want job creators, we need immigration policies that enable us to recruit and support more of these risk-taking immigrants who work around the clock to build their American Dream.
On January 11,2012, the Washington Post featured a story on how complicated even the simplest – at least at first blush – immigration fixes can be. The article examines the real life repercussions of HR 3012, The Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act. I commend the story to your reading:
Bottom line, what’s fair to some groups is completely unfair to others and vice versa. This bill was marketed by its proponents as being all win and no loss. Unfortunately, in immigration, like in life, one never sees something where there are only winners and no losers.
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We invite you to read the latest edition of our newsletter to learn more about the Immigration Reform debate in Congress and other useful information. Let us know what you think!
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